If you’re working on a development pro forma and trying to figure out what construction costs might be at some point in the future, the surest bet is to assume that they will be more than they are today and that they will grow at a rate that exceeds the rate of inflation. And here’s some historical data to back up this claim.
What here is, is a great post by Brian Potter, where he looks at various construction cost indices from about the last century to try and answer the question: does construction ever get cheaper? While the answer to this question is technically “yes”, it is doesn’t happen all that often. Typically, the average yearly increases look something like this:
And if you net out CPI from these figures, you get a table that looks like this:
Blue means that the respective index grew faster than the rate of inflation, and red means that it grew less than (or the same as) the rate of inflation. And here we obviously have more blue than red.
So what’s causing this?
Well, if you break out material costs, as Potter has done, you’ll see that over the same time period, building materials don’t usually follow this same trajectory. Instead, they tend to rise at or below the rate of inflation. What this suggests is that the culprit is likely labor costs, which would be consistent with the fact that construction labor productivity has been steadily declining since probably the middle of the 20th century.
Tables: Brian Potter
my two (funny) thoughts on this are:
1) civil engineers and constructions workers look at their phone now during work, more than they did in the 20th century (lower productivity)
2) the people that built proforma’s expecting higher prices to come and then they did not (the very few instances this happened) must have made a killing $